Level 2

Level 2 of Fundations® builds on the basic skills that were learned in Kindergarten and Level 1 and progresses further into the study of word structure. Teachers should combine Fundations with a wide variety of text experiences, and expose students to poetry, narrative and informational text.

By the end of Level 2, students will be able to:

  • Know and apply grade-level phonics and word-analysis skills in decoding words
  • Segment syllables into sounds (phonemes)–up to six sounds
  • Identify word structures such as vowels, consonants, blends, digraphs, and digraph blends
  • Identify parts of words (syllables, basewords, suffixes)
  • Identify all six syllable types: closed, vowel-consonant-e, open, r-controlled, vowel digraph/diphthong, and consonant-le
  • Distinguish long and short vowels when reading regularly spelled one-syllable words
  • Read and spell words with short vowels
  • Read and spell words with long vowels in vowel-consonant-e and open syllables
  • Read and spell words with r-controlled vowels (ar, er, ir, or, ur)
  • Read and spell words with vowel teams (ai, ay, ee, ey, ea, oi, oy, oa, ow, oe, ou, oo, ue, ew, au, aw)
  • Read and spell words with unexpected vowel sounds (old, ild, ind, ost, olt, ive)
  • Read and spell words with suffixes (-s, -es, -ed,-ing, -est, -ish, -able, -ive, -y, -ful, -ment, -less, -ness, -ly, -ty)
  • Read and spell words with common prefixes (un-, dis-, mis-, non-, trans-, pre-, pro-, re-, de-)
  • Read and spell phonetically regular one-, two- and three-syllable words
  • Identify words with inconsistent but common spelling-sound correspondences
  • Read and spell the first 200 high frequency words including irregular words
  • Divide multisyllabic words
  • Produce complete sentences when appropriate to task and situation in order to provide requested detail or clarification
  • Use synonyms
  • Know some multiple meaning words
  • Apply dictionary skills
  • Use correct writing position and pencil grip
  • Write clear, legible manuscript at an appropriate rate
  • Spell words with options for the grapheme representation for sounds with use of a spell checker or dictionary
  • Apply correct punctuation (period, question mark, exclamation point)
  • Apply capitalization rules for beginning of sentences and names of people
  • Read controlled stories with fluency, expression and understanding
  • Read approximately 90 words per minute with fluency and understanding
  • Retell short narrative stories, recounting key ideas and details
  • Retell facts from informational text
  • Locate facts and details in narrative and informational writing
  • Skim for information
  • Make judgments, predictions from given facts
  • Use sentence-level context as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase
  • Determine the meaning of a new word when a prefix is added to a known word
  • Use knowledge of the meaning of individual words to predict the meaning of a compound word
  • Identify real life connections between words and their use — answer who, what, where, when, why and how questions with narrative and informational texts
  • Answer who, what, where, when, why and how questions with narrative and informational text
  • Describe how characters in a story respond to major events and challenges  
  • Determine the central message of a story
  • Identify the main topic/purpose of an informational text as well as the focus of specific paragraphs
  • Use words and phrases acquired through conversations, reading and being read to, and responding to texts, including using adjectives and adverbs to describe